**JavaScript Operators**

= is used to assign values.

+ is used to add values.

The assignment operator **=** is used to assign values to JavaScript variables.

The arithmetic operator + is used to add values together.

The value of x, after the execution of the statements above is 7.

**JavaScript Arithmetic Operators**

Arithmetic operators are used to perform arithmetic between variables and/or values.

Given that **y=5**, the table below explains the arithmetic operators:

Code:

Operator Description Example Result
+ Addition x=y+2 x=7 y=5
- Subtraction x=y-2 x=3 y=5
* Multiplication x=y*2 x=10 y=5
/ Division x=y/2 x=2.5 y=5
% Modulus (division remainder) x=y%2 x=1 y=5
++ Increment x=++y x=6 y=6 x=y++ x=5 y=6
-- Decrement x=--y x=4 y=4 x=y-- x=5 y=4

**JavaScript Assignment Operators**

Assignment operators are used to assign values to JavaScript variables.

Given that **x=10** and **y=5**, the table below explains the assignment operators:

Code:

Operator Example Same As Result
= x=y x=5
+= x+=y x=x+y x=15
-= x-=y x=x-y x=5
*= x*=y x=x*y x=50
/= x/=y x=x/y x=2
%= x%=y x=x%y x=0

**The + Operator Used on Strings**

The + operator can also be used to add string variables or text values together.

To add two or more string variables together, use the + operator.

Code:

txt1="What a very";
txt2="nice day";
txt3=txt1+txt2;

After the execution of the statements above, the variable txt3 contains "What a verynice day".

To add a space between the two strings, insert a space into one of the strings:

Code:

txt1="What a very ";
txt2="nice day";
txt3=txt1+txt2;

or insert a space into the expression:

Code:

txt1="What a very";
txt2="nice day";
txt3=txt1+" "+txt2;

After the execution of the statements above, the variable txt3 contains:

Code:

"What a very nice day"

**Adding Strings and Numbers**

The rule is: **If you add a number and a string, the result will be a string!**

**Example**

Code:

x=5+5;
document.write(x);
x="5"+"5";
document.write(x);
x=5+"5";
document.write(x);
x="5"+5;
document.write(x);

Try it yourself »