JavaScript is an Object Oriented Programming (OOP) language.

An OOP language allows you to define your own objects and make your own variable types.


Object Oriented Programming

JavaScript is an Object Oriented Programming (OOP) language. An OOP language allows you to define your own objects and make your own variable types.
However, creating your own objects will be explained later, in the Advanced JavaScript section. We will start by looking at the built-in JavaScript objects, and how they are used. The next pages will explain each built-in JavaScript object in detail.
Note that an object is just a special kind of data. An object has properties and methods.


Properties

Properties are the values associated with an object.



In the following example we are using the length property of the String object to return the number of characters in a string:
Code:
<script type="text/javascript">
var txt="Hello World!";
document.write(txt.length);
</script>
The output of the code above will be:
Code:
12

Methods

Methods are the actions that can be performed on objects.

In the following example we are using the toUpperCase() method of the String object to display a text in uppercase letters:
Code:
<script type="text/javascript">
var str="Hello world!";
document.write(str.toUpperCase());
</script>
The output of the code above will be:
Code:
HELLO WORLD!